A growing number of youth in California experience mental illnesses and substance use disorders (SUDs). The incidence of major depressive episodes in adolescents has increased over the last five years, as has the national rate of alcohol and drug use. Unfortunately, access to mental health and SUD treatment falls far short: A majority of youth do not receive treatment.
Behavioral health conditions are illnesses of pediatric origin. Half of all mental illnesses appear by the mid-teens and three-quarters by the mid-20s. Many people first use alcohol, marijuana, and other drugs during adolescence, and studies have shown that the earlier people start, the greater the risk of later developing a substance use disorder.
For adolescents, mental illnesses and substance use disorders often occur together. As many as 60% to 75% of adolescents with substance use disorders are estimated to have a co-occurring mental illness. In some cases, substance use may begin as a strategy for self-medicating to manage psychiatric symptoms.
The prevalence of serious emotional disturbance in children and adolescents varied by income, with much higher rates at lower income levels.
The rate of depression has been steadily increasing among teens in California and the US. One in eight teens reported a major depressive episode in 2014–2015, up from one in 11 in 2011–2012. Two-thirds of adolescents with major depressive episodes did not get treatment.
One in nine high school girls in California attempted suicide in 2015.
By 11th grade, about half of California students have used alcohol and almost 40% have used marijuana.
Nine percent of adolescents 12 to 17 reported using alcohol in the past month. Five percent reported binge use.
The full report, and all the charts found in the report, are available for download below. Also available is an infographic, “Substance Use and Mental Illness Among California’s Youth,” which is set up for 11″×17″ printing. These materials are part of CHCF’s California Health Care Almanac, an online clearinghouse for key data and analyses describing the state’s health care landscape. See our entire collection of current and past editions of Behavioral Health in California.